The easytouse software interface, powerdb, minimizes time required to learn how. The test measurement data can be recorded on a test graph over time. Find here insulation testing and continuity, power protection, power transformer testing, power cable infrastructure, cable fault location, general electrical test. A burden test is typically performed at full rated secondary current value ex. Reverse side of card at right is used to record the test data. To do the test you ensure the cable is disconnected from any devices megger normally work on 500v, v testers for higher voltage testing. You do this by using a high voltage and looking for voltage leaking through the insulation. Valley forge corporate center 2621 van buren avenue norristown, pa 194032329 u. First we will disconnect all the line and neutral terminals of the transformer. Testing of power transformers seems like a similar experience.
The typical excitation current test data pattern for a threelegged core transformer is two similar current readings and one lower current reading. Procedure of insulation resistance test of transformer. Understanding insulation resistance testing pdf 0712. Turnsratio test results should not deviate more than onehalf percent from either the adjacent coils or the calculated ratio. Meggers experience in the design and production of oil test sets also reaches back to the early 20th century, when pioneering equipment was produced by foster transformers, a company that became part of megger group in 1968. Figure 4typical record of insulation resistance of a mill motor. View and download megger ttr20 instruction manual online. Due to that, during application of voltage across the electrical insulator, initially there will be a charging current.
Bureau of standards now nist developed the theory behind this test in 1915 see reference pg. Meggering insulation resistance testing of drytype power. Because a test confirms what you know, if you can apply in real life what you have learned in a classroom, under strict, rigorous and controlled conditions. Megger test procedure explained with transformer example free download as word doc. Com reference manual applications guide delta 4000 12 kv insulation diagnostic system zmah02e. Aug 01, 2019 in addition to these uses of this test, the working principle, operation procedure, types, and applications have also been discussed. May 10, 20 insulation resistance test of transformer is essential type test.
Sep 26, 2018 a megger is an ohmmeter that measures resistance in the megohm scale. The mto210 transformer ohmmeter is a lineoperated, fieldportable instrument designed specifically to measure the dc resistance of all types of magnetic windings safely and accurately. Transformer turns ratio ttr is one of the most common test used to assess the condition of the transformers windings and core. The purpose of this procedure is to provide instructions for performing insulation resistance megger testing of transformers.
Insulation resistance test and oil test of distribution transformer. This article takes an indepth look at the transformer turns ratio test, some of the challenges associated with interpreting test results, and. Some tests and procedures may be performed by specialists during the. Insulating oil in electrical power apparatus serves two primary roles, as an insulator and a coolant. Be sure to isolate the transformer before attaching the lead connectors. Megger is also called as a megaohmmeter and is a device used for the testing of insulation resistance of a cable.
Megger leads to be connected to lv and hv bushing studs to measure insulation resistance ir value in between the lv and hv windings. It is commonly used in the industry for acceptance testing prior to energizing the cable and for maintenance testing programs. Figure 2 typical megger test instrument hookup to measure insulation resistance. Test performed so performed to know the insulation resistance value is.
The test should also be performed after a motor is serviced. The following sections of the ansineta standard for acceptance testing specifications for. Meggers delta4000 automatically produces the itc for each transformer and provides confidence that the power factor tan. Figure 2typical megger test instrument hookup to measure insulation resistance. Insulation resistance test or megger test procedures with. This connection has all of the interfaces required to connect current and voltage inputs from a three phase transformer into the mto300 unit. The procedure of insulation resistance test or megger test are given below. Some unknown facts was presented at the 2020 neta powertest conference in chicago, il.
Insulation resistance test and polarization index test. Primary interface connection from the transformer to the unit. Current transformer burdens are typically expressed in va. Measuring a transformers dc resistance from one external terminal to another can reveal a great deal of information about the transformer. Com 99 washington street melrose, ma 02176 phone 7816651400 toll free 18005178431 visit us at. Insulation testing technical guides megger insulation. To perform an insulation spot test, apply the following procedure.
A guide to diagnostic insulation testing above 1 kv. The generator can be handcranked or lineoperated to develop a high dc voltage which causes a small current through and over surfaces of the insulation being tested fig. Insulation resistance test of transformer is divided into three parts. Test connections of transformer for ir test not less than 200 m. It is performed as a part of acceptance and maintenance test procedure to determine any problems due to poor design, assembly, handling, overloading, fault conditions or poor maintenance. Release the test button after completing the reading. Threephase ttr measuring instruments pdf manual download.
Weve assembled helpful technical guides on insulation testing from leading manufacturers in the field. Disconnect all the line and neutral terminals of the transformer. Avoid meggering when the transformer is under vacuum. Megger leads are connected to lv and hv bushing studs to measure insulation resistance ir value in between the lv and hv windings. Transformer testing type tests and routine tests of. In addition to detecting problems associated with high resistance contacts and connectors, the megger winding tester will also detect open circuits dropout test. A guide to transformer winding resistance measurements. The electrical field tests available to diagnose a transformer include. Attach the test lead connectors to the megger testing instrument, then to the test item. The procedure of the insulation resistance test are given below first, disconnect all the line and neutral terminals of the transformer. It is checked by touching the free ends of the leads together while the megger button is pressed on to check for zero. View and download megger threephase ttr instruction manual online. The leads used for connecting megger testing with the circuit should be fault free and the two connecting leads should have electrical continuity.
A catalogue, for quick reference, of the range of megger test instruments for the maintenance of electrical power systems. Meggers comprehensive set of transformer testing tools provides a complete view of your transformers health. Find here insulation testing and continuity, power protection, power transformer testing, power cable infrastructure, cable fault location, general electrical. Today, all of meggers oil test set design, development and manufacture is carried out at the companys.
Megger threephase ttr instruction manual pdf download. This current usually at an applied voltage of 500 volts or more is measured by the. The megger guide to insulating oil dielectric breakdown testing. Understanding insulation resistance testing aemc instruments. The standard megger testing equipment is used, the line terminal of which is connected to the winding or core bolt under test. The test measures the insulation resistance from individual windings to. Aug 16, 2014 the procedure of the insulation resistance test are given below first, disconnect all the line and neutral terminals of the transformer. Measuring a transformers dc resistance from one external terminal to another can reveal a. As all insulators are dielectric in nature they have always a capacitive property. We use megger test at low voltage side as shown in fig. A spot test should be performed at regular intervals every six months, for example to track the changes in insulation integrity. The winding insulation resistance test is a dc high voltage test used to determine the dryness of winding insulation system. If you are looking for something specific, dont hesitate to contact us.
Firstly measure insulation resistance between low voltage windings and the main body of the transformer. Section 7 of the ansineta standard for acceptance testing specifications for electrical power equipment and systems may be reproduced and used on a cut and paste basis for the particular type of equipment to be tested. As an insulating liquid, oils most important property is a high dielectric strength and as a cooling liquid, a low viscosity is paramount. This current usually at an applied voltage of 500 volts or more is measured by the ohmmeter, which has an indicating scale. How to test a threephase motor with a megger hunker. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Here it makes sense to intelligently choose, or at a minimum order, the tests to be performed based on symptoms of the transformer, operating and test history, etc. Routine tests and type tests of transformers electrical4u. Insulation resistance test of transformer is essential type test. A practical guide to earth resistance testing test equipment. This test is carried out to ensure the healthiness of the overall insulation system of an electrical power transformer. It can test transformers and rotating machine windings and perform lowcurrent resistance measurements on connections, contacts and control circuits.
A senior tech once told me the megger guard terminal is the same potential as the negative terminal. How to do megger testinsulation resistance for transformer. The wire itself is usually copper or aluminum, which is known to. This article takes an indepth look at the transformer turns ratio test, some of the challenges associated with interpreting test results, and unknown facts related to test variables. Insulation testing technical guides weve assembled helpful technical guides on insulation testing from leading manufacturers in the field. This procedure provides minimum guidelines and acceptance criteria necessary to ensure meggering is performed safely and consistently. The standard megger testing equipment is used, the line. Megger test procedure explained with transformer example scribd.
Insulation resistance testing is a nondestructive test procedure. Mineral oil is the most common insulating fluid and has been in use since the late 19th century. Program the selector switch to meet the test voltage requirement. Hence, it demands special consideration during routine maintenance. The burden test is performed to verify that the ct is capable of supplying a known current into a known burden while maintaining its stated accuracy. The insulation resistance ir test also commonly known as a. Insulation resistance tests megger test are carried out on all windings, core and core clamping bolts. The easytouse software interface, powerdb, minimizes time required to learn how to use the delta4000 and perform these tests correctly. A guide to low resistance testing test equipment depot. For high voltage transformer, other hv equipment and machines, 2. Test the megger before use, whether it gives infinity value when not connected, and zero when the two terminals are connected together and the handle is rotated. Press the test button to activate the preset test voltage. The goal is to determine if the insulation of a wire has been compromised. Troubleshooting with insulation resistance test instruments.
How insulation resistance test practical with megger meter. The test measures the insulation resistance between the phases andor between phase and ground. Figure 3typical scale on the megger insulation tester. Standard for acceptance testing specifications for. In addition to these uses of this test, the working principle, operation procedure, types, and applications have also been discussed. What is the megger test procedure for transformers. He showed that, if the electrode depth b is kept small compared to the distance between the electrodes a1, the following formula applies. Instruction manual for transformer ohmmeter dc winding. If the guard terminal was at the same potential as the negative terminal, it would not be a good idea to guard the 480v winding while doing a 5kv test with the negative lead on the primary. A megger is an ohmmeter that measures resistance in the megohm scale. I cover the different test methods, an analogy on how insulation testing works, safety and the use of insulation test equipment. Meggering insulation resistance testing of drytype. Im not sure if this holds true with modern test equipment, but i think this should be taken into consideration when guarding equipment that could be damaged by a high test voltage, such as a low voltage transformer winding.
The transformer resistance testing will reveal a lot of details about the transformer by measuring the winding resistance of a transformer from one hv transformer bushing to another. A transformer is an electrical device that transfers electrical energy between two or more circuits through electromagnetic induction. Connections for testing insulation resistance of a transformer high voltage winding. Megger guide to electrical insulation testing pdf instrumart. The megger test or insulation test is carried out to ensure the healthiness of the overall insulation system of an electrical power transformer. The complete guide to electrical insulation testing. Transformer testing commissioning, routine, diagnostic megger. To test a cable with a megger, you connect one probe to the outside of the cable and, with the power turned off, you touch the probe to the conducting wire at the point of connection. Test interphase resistance by disconnecting the leads from each terminal with a flathead screwdriver, then touch any two terminals with the two probes. Ttr330, ttr33047 highvoltage equipment read this entire manual before operating. Oct 16, 2017 meggar test of a transformer in bengali. Curve b shows same values corrected to 20c see page 22, giving a definite downward trend toward an unsafe condition.1229 549 1334 319 1438 1077 1380 1409 537 951 910 640 749 25 1165 981 1220 653 128 497 754 980 1130 341 922 1161 150 231 1180 1433 571 143 594 1201 953 134 1483 1438 357 1307 863 5 520 457 167 1328 823 1027